The Race Team Store is sponsoring this months Information Campaign
We are going to focus on dissipation of information concerning Prostate Cancer and Testicular Cancer (who’s color is actually Orchid) during the month of November which is also commonly known as the month of Movember.
Bower Media will be supporting the efforts of the UltraMosRacing Team, and you can donate through their efforts. Who is UltraMosRacing Team?
Come back everyday for the Featured Light Blue Vehicle Picture of the day!!
PLEASE, PLEASE SHARE THE PICTURES via this link, Facebook (CLICK HERE for post) or any other means. Lets SPREAD Some Awareness!!
Have a Light Blue vehicle you would like to feature? email to email@example.com
What is Prostate Cancer?
The prostate is an exocrine gland of the male reproductive system, and exists directly under the bladder, in front of the rectum. An exocrine gland is one whose secretions end up outside the body e.g. prostate gland and sweat glands. It is approximately the size of a walnut.
The urethra – a tube that goes from the bladder to the end of the penis and carries urine and semen out of the body – goes through the prostate.
There are thousands of tiny glands in the prostate – they all produce a fluid that forms part of the semen. This fluid also protects and nourishes the sperm. When a male has an orgasm the seminal-vesicles secrete a milky liquid in which the semen travels. The liquid is produced in the prostate gland, while the sperm is kept and produced in the testicles. When a male climaxes (has an orgasm) contractions force the prostate to secrete this fluid into the urethra and leave the body through the penis.
In the vast majority of cases, the prostate cancer starts in the gland cells – this is called adenocarcinoma. In this article, prostate cancer refers just to adenocarcinoma.
Prostate cancer is mostly a very slow progressing disease. In fact, many men die of old age, without ever knowing they had prostate cancer – it is only when an autopsy is done that doctors know it was there. Several studies have indicated that perhaps about 80% of all men in their eighties had prostate cancer when they died, but nobody knew, not even the doctor.
Experts say that prostate cancer starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells – Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). According to Medilexicon`smedical dictionary, Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia means “dysplastic changes involving glands and ducts of the prostate that may be a precursor of adenocarcinoma; low grade (PIN 1), mild dysplasia with cell crowding, variation in nuclear size and shape, and irregular cell spacing; high grade (PIN 2 and 3), moderate to severe dysplasia with cell crowding, nucleomegaly and nucleolomegaly, and irregular cell spacing.”
Doctors say that nearly 50% of all 50-year-old men have PIN. The cells are still in place – they do not seem to have moved elsewhere – but the changes can be seen under a microscope. Cancer cells would have moved into other parts of the prostate. Doctors describe these prostate gland cell changes as low-grade or high-grade; high grade is abnormal while low-grade is more-or-less normal.
Any patient who was found to have high-grade PIN after a prostate biopsy is at a significantly greater risk of having cancer cells in his prostate. Because of this, doctors will monitor him carefully and possibly carry out another biopsy later on.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
During the early stages of prostate cancer there are usually no symptoms. Most men at this stage find out they have prostate cancer after a routine check up or blood test. When symptoms do exist, they are usually one or more of the following:
- The patient urinates more often
- The patient gets up at night more often to urinate
- He may find it hard to start urinating
- He may find it hard to keep urinating once he has started
- There may be blood in the urine
- Urination might be painful
- Ejaculation may be painful (less common)
- Achieving or maintaining an erection may be difficult (less common)
If the prostate cancer is advanced the following symptoms are also possible:
- Bone pain, often in the spine (vertebrae), pelvis, or ribs
- The proximal part of the femur can be painful
- Leg weakness (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
- Urinary incontinence (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
- Fecal incontinence (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
Sexual function—If the erectile nerves are damaged during prostatectomy, which was standard during this type of surgery up until the mid-1980s, the ability to achieve erection is lost, though sexual desire is not affected. Erectile dysfunction can also result from damage to these nerves by radiation therapy, though this process usually occurs more slowly over time.
Modern techniques in surgery (nerve-sparing), radiation (intensity modulated radiation therapy, positioning devices, 3-D conformal technologies), and seed placement (brachytherapy) have been developed to try to minimize these side effects, and this process continues to improve.
Fertility—About 10% of men with prostate cancer have what is known as seminal vesicle invasion. This means the cancer has either spread into the seminal vesicles or has spread around them. If that occurs, seminal vesicles are typically removed during prostatectomy and targeted during radiation therapy. The loss of the prostate and the seminal vesicles renders men infertile. After surgical removal, ejaculation is dry, but orgasms may still occur.
What are the causes of prostate cancer?
Nobody is really sure of what the specific causes are. There are so many possible factors, including age, race, lifestyle, medications, and genetics, to name a few.
Age is considered as the primary risk factor. The older a man is, the higher is his risk. Prostate cancer is rare among men under the age of 45, but much more common after the age of 50.
Statistics indicate that genetics is definitely a factor in prostate cancer risk. It is more common among certain racial groups – in the USA prostate cancer is significantly more common and also more deadly among Afro-Americans than White-Americans. A man has a much higher risk of developing cancer if his identical twin has it. A man whose brother or father had/had prostate cancer runs twice the risk of developing it, compared to other men. Studies indicate that the two genes – BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 – which are important risk factors for breast cancer and ovarian cancer have also been implicated in prostate cancer.
In a study scientists found seven new sites in the human genome that are linked to men’s risk of developing prostate cancer.
READ MORE CAUSES: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150086.php
The prostate is divided into several anatomic regions, or zones. Most prostate cancer develops from the peripheral zone near the rectum. That’s why a digital rectal exam (DRE) is a useful screening test.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), a non-cancerous prostate condition, typically develops from the transition zone that surrounds the urethra, or urinary tube. This is why BPH causes more difficulty with urination than prostate cancer typically does.
Understanding Your Diagnosis
A doctor typically diagnoses prostate cancer after closely examining biopsy cells through a microscope. There are several types of cells in the prostate, and each contributes in its own way to the prostate’s development, architecture, and function.
But cancer cells look different than normal prostate cells. Pathologists look for these differences first to detect the presence of cancer and then to determine the cancer grade.
The Gleason grading system accounts for the five distinct patterns that prostate tumor cells tend to go through as they change from normal cells to tumor cells.
The cells are scored on a scale from 1 to 5:
- “Low-grade” tumor cells (those closest to 1) tend to look very similar to normal cells.
- “High-grade” tumor cells (closest to 5) have mutated so much that they often barely resemble the normal cells.
The Gleason Score
The pathologist looking at the biopsy sample assigns one Gleason grade to the most predominant pattern in your biopsy and a second Gleason grade to the second most predominant pattern. The two grades added together determine your Gleason score (between 2 and 10).
Generally speaking, cancers with lower Gleason scores (2 – 4) tend to be less aggressive, while cancers with higher Gleason scores (7 – 10) tend to be more aggressive.
It’s also important to know whether any Gleason 5 is present, even in just a small amount, and most pathologists will report this. Having any Gleason 5 in your biopsy or prostate puts you at a higher risk of recurrence.
PIN Has Many Names
The term “prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia” or PIN was selected at a conference in 1989 from a whole variety of other names for the same condition. However, human nature being what it is, some of these other names continue in use today. Therefore, any particular urologist or pathologist may use one of the following terms to mean PIN:
- intraductal dysplasia
- large acinar atypical hyperplasia
- atypical primary hyperplasia
- hyperplasia with malignant change
- marked atypia
- duct-acinar dysplasia
From the patient’s point of view, it doesn’t matter what it is called so long as you recognize what it is if your doctor starts to talk about it with you. After you’ve read through this section, we think you should be reasonably clear about this.
So What on Earth is PIN?
…. READ MORE >>> http://prostatecancerinfolink.net/diagnosis/pin/
What is this PSA everyone is talking about?
The PSA test measures the blood level of PSA, a protein that is produced by the prostate gland. The higher a man’s PSA level, the more likely it is that he has prostate cancer. However, there are additional reasons for having an elevated PSA level, and some men who have prostate cancer do not have elevated PSA.
The PSA test has been widely used to screen men for prostate cancer. It is also used to monitor men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer to see if their cancer has recurred (come back) after initial treatment or is responding to therapy.
What is a normal PSA test result?
There is no specific normal or abnormal level of PSA in the blood. In the past, most doctors considered PSA levels of 4.0 ng/mL and lower as normal. Therefore, if a man had a PSA level above 4.0 ng/mL, doctors would often recommend a prostate biopsy to determine whether prostate cancer was present.
How many men get prostate cancer?
The American Cancer Society’s most recent estimates for prostate cancer in the United States are for 2012:
- About 241,740 new cases of prostate cancer
- About 28,170 deaths from prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in American men, other than skin cancer. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men, behind only lung cancer. One man in 6 will get prostate cancer during his lifetime. And one man in 36 will die of this disease.
Prostate cancer can be a serious disease, but most men found to have prostate cancer do not die from it. In fact, more than 2.5 million men in the United States who have had prostate cancer at some point are still alive today.
10 Surprising Health Benefits of Sex
Frequent ejaculations, especially in 20-something men, may lower the risk of getting prostate cancer later in life, some research shows.
For instance, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that men who had 21 or more ejaculations a month, were less likely to get prostate cancer than those who had four to seven ejaculations per month.
Of course, that study doesn’t prove that ejaculations were the only factor that mattered. Many things affect a person’s odds of developing cancer. The researchers did take that into consideration, and the findings still held.
VA benefits for prostate cancer
Veterans with prostate cancer who were exposed to Agent Orange or other herbicides during military service may be eligible for disability compensation and health care.
Veterans who served in Vietnam, the Korean demilitarized zone or another area where Agent Orange was sprayed may be eligible for an Agent Orange registry health exam, a free, comprehensive exam.
Surviving spouses, dependent children and dependent parents of Veterans who were exposed to herbicides during military service and died as the result of prostate cancer may be eligible for survivors’ benefits.
Research on prostate cancer and herbicides used in Vietnam
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences concluded in its 1996 report “Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1996″ and in future updates that there is limited/suggestive evidence of a positive association between prostate cancer and exposure to herbicides used in Vietnam.
This finding reversed an earlier conclusion from IOM’s 1993 report on Veterans and Agent Orange that credible evidence existed to associate prostate cancer with herbicide exposure.
Tis The Season! Are Pumpkin Seeds Helpful to Prostate Cancer?
Possible Benefits for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Pumpkin seed extracts and oils have long been used in treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is a health problem involving non-cancer enlargement of the prostate gland, and it commonly affects middle-aged and older men in the U.S. Studies have linked different nutrients in pumpkin seeds to their beneficial effects on BPH, including their phytosterols, lignans, and zinc. Among these groups, research on phytosterols is the strongest, and it centers on three phytosterols found in pumpkin seeds: beta-sitosterol, sitostanol, and avenasterol. The phytosterols campesterol, stigmasterol, and campestanol have also been found in pumpkin seeds in some studies. Unfortunately, studies on BPH have typically involved extracts or oils rather than pumpkin seeds themselves. For this reason, it’s just not possible to tell whether everyday intake of pumpkin seeds in food form has a beneficial impact on BPH. Equally impossible to determine is whether intake of pumpkin seeds in food form can lower a man’s risk of BPH. We look forward to future studies that will hopefully provide us with answers to those questions.
READ ALL ABOUT Pumpkin Seeds: http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=82
So far, I would say there is helpful nutrients, but not proven to have above average effects.
“It turns out mom was right: You should really eat your broccoli”
There’s no hiding the fact that diet heavily influences cancer risk, no matter the type of cancer. However, knowing exactly which foods are beneficial and which ones are harmful can help to shape a diet to achieve its maximum health potential. Considering that prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, AskMen has decided to take a long, hard look at anti-prostate cancer foods. Here are a few.
You are what you eat
Rigorous research takes time and money, and unfortunately, one, if not both, may be lacking. There are simply so many foods and supplements available that researching them all is not only impractical, but likely impossible. With that said, the key to preventing prostate cancer via diet is to eat a well-balanced meal, including all of the above foods, along with a hearty serving of other fruits and vegetables. You can dabble in meats and dairy, but if possible, keep your dabbling to a minimum.
Read More About Each Item and Why It is Good For You: http://www.askmen.com/sports/foodcourt_250/296_anti-prostate-cancer-foods.html
What is Saw Palmetto?
Some clinical studies have found that saw palmetto relieves some symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or enlarged prostate, such as difficult and frequent urination. However, at this time there are no available study results that show that saw palmetto can prevent or treat prostate cancer.
How is it promoted for use?
Saw palmetto is promoted for relieving some of the symptoms of BPH, which include difficult and frequent urination. Chemicals in saw palmetto berries called sterols are said to interfere with the ability of hormones such as testosterone to cause prostate cells to grow.
Saw palmetto is sometimes promoted by itself or with other herbs as a treatment for prostate cancer. Saw palmetto is also promoted as a treatment for prostatitis (inflamed prostate gland). Some proponents claim it increases sex drive and fertility and that it can be used to treat low thyroid function.
Here are additional opportunities for you to get involved in the fight against prostate cancer or learn more about the disease and its effects. Although most of the events listed are not benefiting the PCF, all are raising awareness or funds for the fight against prostate cancer. Please encourage your friends and family to attend any events in your area and share with us any events we may have missed!
Be sure to check the Arnie’s Army Battles Prostate Cancer website for golf events in your area.
National and Online Events
Pints for Prostates
Uses the universal language of beer to reach men with an important health message.
Kilted to Kick Cancer 2012
Wearing kilts in September to raise funds for PCF and awareness of men’s cancers.
Events by Location
See Listings by State: http://www.pcf.org/site/c.leJRIROrEpH/b.6029701/k.2D0E/Prostate_Cancer_Events_Calendar.htm
Light Blue is the Color that Celebrates Trisomy 18. What is that? Keep Reading…Please…Learn something new today!
Trisomy 18, also known as Edwards syndrome, is a condition which is caused by a error in cell division, known as meiotic disjunction. Trisomy 18 occurs in about 1 out of every 2500 pregnancies in the United States, about 1 in 6000 live births. The numbers of total births increase significantly when stillbirths are factored in that occur in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. And although many parents worry about this, it is important to know that parents have done nothing before or during pregnancy to cause this disorder in their child.
Unlike Down syndrome, which also is caused by a chromosomal defect, the developmental issues caused by Trisomy 18 are associated with medical complications that are more potentially life-threatening in the early months and years of life. 50% of babies who are carried to term will be stillborn, with baby boys having higher stillbirth rate than baby girls.
At birth, intensive care admissions in Neonatal units are most common for infants with Trisomy 18. Again, baby boys will experience higher mortality rates in this neonatal period than baby girls, although those with higher birth weights do better across all categories.
Learn More and Support a Child at http://www.trisomy18.org/
ABC News Article and TV News Snippit: http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/health/2012/01/29/what-is-trisomy-18/
Just Can’t stress this enough….
The mainstay of treatment for prostate cancer is early detection. Like any cancer, the earlier it is caught the more options are available. Using various blood tests, urine tests and examination techniques, if performed on a regular basis, prostate cancer can often be detected in time for cure. The death rate from prostate cancer has dramatically reduced for those people who abide by regular screening. When was your list Screening?
Today we start the week of Thanksgiving, and for those in our lives. Lets feature one of our Jeep Friends, Mike, who wrote a blog about his road to being Prostate Cancer Free via Protein Beam Therapy in Loma Linda, CA!
“I’m ready to face the most challenging obstacle on the trail called life, I’m Locked & Loaded and ready to Rock! Bring it on!”
It starts: “Okay, I took a wrong line on the obstacle and I took a hard roll off the trail. I received some bumps and bruises, but now it was time to recover from the shock of it all and get back on the trail and start the rebuild.
It takes a strong winch line to get a Jeep back on all four wheels during a recovery after a roll. But once you get back up you got to dust yourself off, check your fluids, and start it back up. It may sputter a bit and blow some smoke, but you can still drive a Jeep off the trail and get back home safely after a roll.
I found out my winch line to be my family and friends. Without them I’d still be out there on my side just rotting away in the desert sun as the vultures circled around waiting to finish me off. A good winch line also needs a good anchor. Something to attach that winch line to in order to make a successful recovery. I found my anchor to be my wife Jeanette. I hooked my line up to her and she pulled me up out of the hole I had fallen into.”
And Week by Week he accounts the experiences in the hospital and the adventures of Southern California…
“….Okay, we have been waiting for about thirty minutes now and I really have to pee BAAAAD! So I went up to the receptionist and asked her how much longer it would be, and tell her in my best Forest Gump imitation, “I got to go pee.” She gives them a call and tells me that I could go ahead and pee some, then drink more water. I’m thinking to myself, how in the heck am I going to pee some. A woman can cut it off in midstream but I don’t think a man can. So I go to the can and try it. Oh god it felt so good I didn’t want to stop! Okay here it goes! Well guys, let me tell you, it’s hard to stop in midstream but it can be done…..”
“….My first visit to the proton treatment center was a reality check for me. I entered the reception area and saw several people with different types and stages of cancer. There were women with no hair, people in wheel chairs, and ordinary men that seemed perfectly healthy. …. In the months I spent waiting for this day I kind of put the fact I had cancer in the back of my head. Sure there wasn’t a day I didn’t think about it, but today reality struck. I have cancer! I’m another statistic!…”
“….One week of treatments down and 40 balloons to go! Yaaaaay!…”
and all the way through to Week 9….
“….I went in for my final treatment and stared at the ceiling for the last time. The ceiling that had family photos and words of encouragement from current and former patients. Almost like a shrine. A few days prior I gave the HBL crew a photo of me in my Jeep, climbing a waterfall on a trail named, “Highway to Hell.” I signed the photo and wrote a thanks to them for helping me over my obstacle on the “Trail of Life”, and they had placed my photo on the ceiling. As the proton beam zapped me for the last time, I looked up at that photo and visualized myself climbing over the obstacle in my Jeep and everybody was cheering me on that I had made it up and over the obstacle and the end of the trail was finally in sight.
After it was all over and the final balloon extraction was completed, I thanked the crew for being so kind to me and professional at the same time. They wrote,”Done” on the inside of my pod and I had them add “Well” for “Well Done.” Not for a Job Well Done but Well Done as far as being cooked. They all laughed as I walked down the hall in my hospital gown with my bare butt exposed for the last time….”
Please take time to read this whole Blog. Its not Super Long…but it is real with a sense of humor that we all relate to! Thank you Mike! http://mytrailoflifeobstacle.blogspot.com/
Men With Prostate Cancer More Likely to Die from Other Causes
The study was published July 25, 2012 in the Advance Access onlineJournal of the National Cancer Institute.
Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed form of cancer, affecting one in six men during their lifetime. While incidence of prostate cancer has greatly increased in the United States, Sweden, and other Western countries in recent decades, the likelihood that a newly diagnosed man in these countries will die from the disease has declined. The researchers attribute this to the widespread use of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, which has resulted in a higher proportion of men diagnosed with lower-risk forms of the disease……
The results showed that during the study period, prostate cancer accounted for 52% of all reported deaths in Sweden and 30% of reported deaths in the United States among men with prostate cancer; however, only 35% of Swedish men and 16% of U.S. men diagnosed with prostate cancer died from this disease. In both populations, the risk of prostate cancer-specific death declined, while the risk of death from heart disease and non-prostate cancer remained constant. The five-year cumulative incidence of death from prostate cancer was 29% in Sweden and 11% in the United States……
“Our study shows that lifestyle changes such as losing weight, increasing physical activity, and quitting smoking, may indeed have a greater impact on patients’ survival than the treatment they receive for their prostate cancer,” said senior author Hans-Olov Adami, professor of epidemiology at HSPH.
READ FULL STUDY: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120726135230.htm
Prostate Cancer Support Groups for Wives and Partners
There are more prostate cancer support groups available for wives and partners today than ever before and we encourage you to take advantage of them.
Talking to someone who really understands what you are going through may help to relieve some of your greatest fears and worries.
Check out this website and see the Whole List of Available Groups: http://www.hisprostatecancer.com/prostate-cancer-support-groups.html
Thanksgiving Day : Lets use today to give thanks for Life, Health and Love. No matter the stage in Life or the degree of Health, may there be Love around you. ~Smiles~ Charlene
Cancer Facts and Figures – 2012
New cases: An estimated 241,740 new cases of prostate cancer will occur in the US during 2012. Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men aside from skin cancer. For reasons that remain unclear, incidence rates are significantly higher in African Americans than in whites, 241 (per 100,000 men) versus 149, respectively, in 2008. Incidence rates for prostate cancer changed substantially between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s and have since fluctuated widely from year to year, in large part reflecting changes in prostate cancer screening with the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. Since 2004, incidence rates have decreased by 2.7% per year among men 65 years of age and older and have remained stable among men younger than 65 years.
Deaths: With an estimated 28,170 deaths in 2012, prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death in men. Prostate cancer death rates have been decreasing since the early 1990s in both African Americans and whites. Although death rates have decreased more rapidly among African American than white men, rates in African Americans remain more than twice as high as those in whites. Prostate cancer death rates decreased 3.0% per year in white men and 3.5% per year in African American men from 2004 to 2008.
READ MORE – Excellent Study with all types of Cancers outlined with 2012 Statistics – http://www.acco.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=EcECXIUZyeA%3d&tabid=670 (Prostate Cancer on Page 19 )
Male- Estimated New Cases in 2012
Lung & bronchus
Colon & rectum
Melanoma of the skin
Kidney & renal pelvis
Oral cavity & pharynx
Male- Estimated Deaths
Lung & bronchus
Colon & rectum
Liver & intrahepatic bile duct
Kidney & renal pelvis
Thought this was a very interesting Graph too:
Since someone asked me to give them a prostate exam…I decided to figure out what that consisted of…and what better way than a video!
See…it isn’t that bad!
Awesome Bronco by Sexton Offroad
Here is them on the road to Moab Easter Jeep Safari that year….Such a cool picture, I had to share it!
Childhood Cancer has many different colors that represent it…and one of them is Light Blue, so I thought we could take a minute and learn. Cancer in children can occur anywhere in the body, including the blood and lymph node system, brain and central nervous system (CNS), and kidneys. Most of the time, there is no known cause for childhood cancers. Childhood cancers may behave very differently from adult cancers.
Childhood cancer is a general term used to describe a range of cancer types and noncancerous tumors found in children. Childhood cancer may also be called pediatric cancer. Below are the most common types of cancer in children under 15 years old. For more information on each type, select a name below.
- Leukemia (accounts for about 34% of childhood cancer cases)
- Brain and CNS tumors (27%), including tumors of the spinal cord
- Neuroblastoma (7%), a tumor of immature nerve cells that often starts in the adrenal glands, which are located on top of the kidneys and are part of the body’s endocrine (hormonal) system
- Wilms tumor (5%), a type of kidney tumor
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (4%) and Hodgkin lymphoma (4%), cancers that begin in the lymph system
- Rhabdomyosarcoma (3%), a type of tumor that begins in the striated muscles, which is part of the skeletal voluntary muscles that people can control. Other, rare soft tissue sarcomas also occur.
- Retinoblastoma (3%), an eye tumor
- Osteosarcoma (3%) and Ewing sarcoma (1%), tumors that usually begin in the bone
- Germ cell tumors, rare tumors that begin in the testicles in boys or ovaries in girls. Even more rarely, this tumor can begin in other places in the body, including the brain.
- Pleuropulmonary blastoma, a rare kind of lung cancer
- Hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma, liver tumors
Below are the most common types of cancer in teenagers, ages 15 to 19. For more information on each type, select a name below.
- Hodgkin lymphoma (16%) and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (8%)
- Germ cell tumors , including testicular cancer and ovarian cancer (16%)
- CNS tumors (10%)
- Thyroid cancer (7%)
- Melanoma (7%)
- ALL (6%)
- Soft tissue sarcoma (7%)
- Osteosarcoma (5%)
- AML (5%)
- Ewing sarcoma (2%)
- Other cancers (12%)
The PSA test is used primarily to screen for prostate cancer. A PSA test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. PSA is a protein produced in the prostate, a small gland that sits below a man’s bladder. PSA is mostly found in semen, which also is produced in the prostate. Small amounts of PSA ordinarily circulate in the blood.
A PSA test is done by examining a blood sample in a laboratory. A nurse or medical technician will use a needle to draw blood from a vein, most likely in your arm. The site may be tender for a few hours, but you’ll be able to resume most normal activities.
Limitations of the test
The limitations of the PSA test make it difficult to judge its benefits and risks. These limitations include:
- PSA-raising factors. Besides cancer, other conditions that can raise PSA levels include an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH) and an inflamed or infected prostate (prostatitis). Also, PSA levels normally increase with age.
- PSA-lowering factors. Medications to treat BPH and some dietary supplements taken for prostate health can lower PSA levels.
- Misleading results. The test doesn’t always provide an accurate result. A positive result on a PSA test — a PSA level high enough to suggest you may have cancer — doesn’t necessarily mean you have cancer. And some men with negative results are later diagnosed with prostate cancer.
- Overdiagnosis. Studies have estimated that between 29 and 44 percent of men with prostate cancer detected by PSA tests have tumors that wouldn’t result in symptoms during their lifetimes. These symptom-free tumors are considered overdiagnoses — identification of cancer not likely to cause poor health or to present a risk to the person’s life.
The potential risks of the PSA test relate to the choices you make based on the test results, such as the decision to undergo further testing and treatment for prostate cancer. The risks include:
- Biopsy issues. A biopsy is an expensive, invasive procedure that carries its own risks, including pain, bleeding and infection.
- Psychological effects. False-positive test results — high PSA levels but no cancer found with biopsy — can produce a significant amount of anxiety or distress. You may be inclined to worry about whether the PSA test or the biopsy was correct. If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, but it appears to be a slow-growing tumor that doesn’t result in illness, you may experience significant anxiety just knowing it’s there.
Please read additional information: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/psa-test/MY00180
After visiting with Greg Mumm from BlueRibbon Coalition (www.wearebrc.org) last night who had just rode his motorcycle 15000 miles in 15 weeks, I was wondering if this type of activity would increase the potential for Prostate Cancer. I couldn’t find any reference to Motorcycles, but I would say Bicycles would be comparable…
Screening for elevated levels of prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, is used to detect prostate cancer. Dr. H. Ballentine Carter, urologist at Johns Hopkins School of medicine, reports that long-distance cyclists do not have prostate trauma that can cause PSA levels to increase. Dr. Martin Resnick, MD, also reports that a common misconception is that Lance Armstrong, a 7-time Tour de France winner, had prostate cancer caused by cycling. Dr. Resnick states that this is not true, and that Armstrong had testicular cancer, another type of cancer not related to cycling.
To get the benefits associated with exercise, including lowering your risk for prostate and other types of cancer, the American College of Sports Medicine recommends at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise on four or more days each week.
To Read More of the Article and the Information go to: http://www.livestrong.com/article/321648-bicycle-riding-prostate-cancer/
We learned what Trisomy 18 is on Nov 17th, which is also represented by a Light Blue Ribbon, but I think it is worth revisiting for those that may have missed.
Trisomy 18 Explained
Trisomy 18 is a chromosomal abnormality. It’s also called Edwards syndrome, after the doctor who first described it.
Chromosomes are the threadlike structures in cells that hold genes. Genes carry the instructions needed to make every part of a baby’s body.
When an egg and sperm join and form an embryo, their chromosomes combine. Each baby gets 23 chromosomes from the mother’s egg and 23 chromosomes from the father’s sperm — 46 in total.
Sometimes the mother’s egg or the father’s sperm contains the wrong number of chromosomes. As the egg and sperm combine, this mistake is passed on to the baby.
A “trisomy” means that the baby has an extra chromosome in some or all of the body’s cells. In the case of trisomy 18, the baby has three copies of chromosome 18. This causes many of the baby’s organs to develop in an abnormal way.
There are three types of trisomy 18:
- Full trisomy 18. The extra chromosome is in every cell in the baby’s body. This is by far the most common type of trisomy 18.
- Partial trisomy 18.The child has only part of an extra chromosome 18. That extra part may be attached to another chromosome in the egg or sperm (called a translocation). This type of trisomy 18 is very rare.
- Mosaic trisomy 18. The extra chromosome 18 is only in some of the baby’s cells. This form of trisomy 18 is also rare.
How Many Babies Have Trisomy 18?
Trisomy 18 is the second most common type of trisomy syndrome, after trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). About 1 in every 5,000 babies is born with trisomy 18, and most are female.
The condition is even more common than that, but many babies with trisomy 18 don’t survive past the second or third trimester of pregnancy.
Is There Any Treatment for Trisomy 18?
There is no cure for trisomy 18. Treatment for trisomy 18 consists of supportive medical care to keep the child comfortable and with the best quality of life possible.
What Is the Outlook for Babies With Trisomy 18?
Because trisomy 18 causes such serious physical defects, many babies with the condition don’t survive to birth. About half of babies who are carried full-term are stillborn. Boys with trisomy 18 are more likely to be stillborn than girls.
Of those babies who do survive, less than 10% live to reach their first birthday. Children who do live past that milestone often have severe health problems that require a large amount of care. Only a very small number of people with this condition live into their 20s or 30s.
Having a child with trisomy 18 can sometimes be emotionally overwhelming, and it’s important for parents to get support during this difficult time. Organizations such as the Chromosome 18 Registry & Research Society and the Trisomy 18 Foundation can help.
Read More and See the Symptoms Chart: http://www.webmd.com/baby/what-is-trisomy-18
Scleroderma is another disease that uses Light Blue as the ribbon color.
Scleroderma is a connective tissue disease that involves changes in the skin, blood vessels, muscles, and internal organs. It is a type of autoimmune disorder, a condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue.
The cause of scleroderma is unknown. People with this condition have a buildup of a substance called collagen in the skin and other organs. This buildup leads to the symptoms of the disease.
The disease usually affects people 30 to 50 years old. Women get scleroderma more often than men do. Some people with scleroderma have a history of being around silica dust and polyvinyl chloride, but most do not.
Some types of scleroderma affect only the skin, while others affect the whole body.
- Localized scleroderma usually affects only the skin on the hands and face. It develops slowly, and rarely, if ever, spreads throughout the body or causes serious complications.
- Systemic scleroderma, or sclerosis, may affect large areas of skin and organs such as the heart, lungs, or kidneys. There are two main types of systemic scleroderma: Limited disease (CREST syndrome) and diffuse disease.
There is no specific treatment for scleroderma.
Your doctor will prescribe medicines and other treatments to control your symptoms and prevent complications.
Some people with scleroderma have symptoms that develop quickly over the first few years and continue to get worse. However, in most patients, the disease slowly gets worse.
People who only have skin symptoms have a better outlook. Widespread (systemic) scleroderma can damage the heart, kidney, lungs, or GI tract, which may cause death.
Lung problems are the most common cause of death in patients with scleroderma.
Get much more specific Information: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001465/
Where does the time go? Another month down, and we say goodbye to November and Light Blue! I decided to do it with this awesome Dodge with a huge Grill that just SCREAMS “Get out of my Way” Diseases!!
Hope you learned a little something about Prostate Cancer, Childhood Cancer, Trisomy 18, and Scleroderma this month. To see all the cars in one simple blog post (and a great page to share with all your friends) go to: http://bowermedia.com/2012/11/month-of-light-blue/
I also added additional Light Blue Vehicles that were left in my file….heck why not!
Remember, this is an awareness campaign. We are making a difference with the Tool of Information In Our Hands….Use it!
Any Guesses on December’s Color????
Additional Light Blue Vehicles::
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OCTOBER: Pink Vehicles, Breast Cancer Awareness CLICK HERE TO SEE ALL