Pearl Ribbons are Most commonly associated with the fight against Emphysema, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma.
Instead of focusing on Pearl Vehicles, lets keep with the season and some great Vehicles in SNOW Pictures. While enjoying these Pictures, we will learn more about each of these three diseases: Emphysema, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma.
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Emphysema occurs when the air sacs in your lungs are gradually destroyed, making you progressively more short of breath. Emphysema is one of several diseases known collectively as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Smoking is the leading cause of emphysema.
As it worsens, emphysema turns the spherical air sacs — clustered like bunches of grapes — into large, irregular pockets with gaping holes in their inner walls. This reduces the surface area of the lungs and, in turn, the amount of oxygen that reaches your bloodstream.
Emphysema also slowly destroys the elastic fibers that hold open the small airways leading to the air sacs. This allows these airways to collapse when you breathe out, so the air in your lungs can’t escape. Treatment may slow the progression of emphysema, but it can’t reverse the damage.
Lung cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs. Your lungs are two spongy organs in your chest that take in oxygen when you inhale and release carbon dioxide when you exhale.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, among both men and women. Lung cancer claims more lives each year than do colon, prostate, ovarian and breast cancers combined.
People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer increases with the length of time and number of cigarettes you’ve smoked. If you quit smoking, even after smoking for many years, you can significantly reduce your chances of developing lung cancer.
What is Mesothelioma?
Malignant mesothelioma (me-zoe-thee-lee-O-muh) is a rare cancer that occurs in the thin layer of tissue that covers the majority of your internal organs (mesothelium).
Mesothelioma is an aggressive and deadly form of cancer. Mesothelioma treatments are available, but for many people with mesothelioma, a cure is not possible.
Doctors divide mesothelioma into different types based on what part of the mesothelium is affected. Mesothelioma most often affects the tissue that surrounds the lungs (pleura). This type is called pleural malignant mesothelioma. Other, rarer types of mesothelioma affect tissue in the abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma), around the heart and around the testicles.
Mesothelioma doesn’t include a form of noncancerous (benign) tumor that occurs in the chest and is sometimes called benign mesothelioma or solitary fibrous tumor.
LUNG CANCER STATISTICS
When you read about statistics, it is always important to remember that they are compiled from populations, or groups, of people. They do not represent individual experiences.
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers. In 2007, lung cancer will account for approximately 15% of all cancer diagnoses and 28% of all cancer deaths. It is the second most diagnosed cancer in men and women (after prostate and breast, respectively), but it is the number one cause of death from cancer each year in both men and women. Because lung cancer can take years to develop, it is mostly found in older people. The average age of a person receiving a lung cancer diagnosis is 71 years.
Overall, lung cancer affects men more than women, but that gap is closing. The American Cancer Society’s most recent lung cancer statistics in the United States for 2009 include an estimated 116,900 men and 103,350 women will be diagnosed with lung cancer and an estimated 88,900 men and 70,490 women will die from lung cancer.
Cigarette smoking is the cause of most lung cancers, but there are other factors, too. Exposure to asbestos, radon, environmental factors, or secondhand smoke can cause lung cancer. Sometimes, a person develops lung cancer and doctors do not know why. There are often internal factors (inherited or from our genes) as well as external or environmental factors (from outside of our bodies) involved in the development of any type of cancer.
Lung cancer is the subject of a great amount of research. Promising areas of research include the study of chemopreventive agents and research into targeted therapies, both of which show potential to halt the progression of the development of a cancer cell. However, lung cancer does not receive as much attention, both in funding and in public awareness, compared to other types of cancers that are not as common. Advocates for lung cancer research are working hard to raise awareness of this imbalance. Here are some organizations that work to support people with lung cancer by raising awareness of the disease and offering information and services to patients and families.
- Lung Cancer Alliance www.lungcanceralliance.org
- Cancer.Net www.cancer.net
- National Lung Cancer Partnership www.nationallungcancerpartnership.org
Lung Cancer Diagnostic Tests & Imaging
After you’ve been evaluated for lung function and any other symptoms you are experiencing, your team at Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) will use a variety of advanced lung cancer imaging tests to check for tumors in the lungs and elsewhere in the body.
In addition to diagnosing the disease, these tests also help us identify the cause of other symptoms you may be experiencing, such as shortness of breath or coughing up blood. The results of these lung cancer diagnostic tests enable our interventional pulmonologists to treat the disease, as well as any symptoms that impact your quality of life.
Some of the sophisticated imaging technology we use for the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer include: http://www.cancercenter.com/lung-cancer/imaging-diagnostic-tests.cfm (CLICK For Videos and List)
Harms of Smoking and Health Benefits of Quitting
1. Does tobacco smoke contain harmful chemicals?
- Beryllium (a toxic metal)
- 1,3–Butadiene (a hazardous gas)
- Cadmium (a toxic metal)
- Chromium (a metallic element)
- Ethylene oxide
- Nickel (a metallic element)
- Polonium-210 (a radioactive chemical element)
- Vinyl chloride
Other toxic chemicals in tobacco smoke are suspected to cause cancer, including the following (3):
10. Does quitting smoking lower the risk of cancer?
Yes. Quitting smoking reduces the risk of developing and dying from cancer. However, it takes a number of years after quitting for the risk of cancer to start to decline. This benefit increases the longer a person remains smoke free (2).
The risk of premature death and the chance of developing cancer from smoking cigarettes depend on many factors, including the number of years a person smokes, the number of cigarettes he or she smokes per day, the age at which he or she began smoking, and whether or not he or she was already ill at the time of quitting. For people who have already developed cancer, quitting smoking reduces the risk of developing a second cancer (20–22).
11. Should someone already diagnosed with cancer bother to quit smoking?
Yes. There are many reasons that people diagnosed with cancer should quit smoking. For those having surgery, chemotherapy, or other treatments, quitting smoking helps improve the body’s ability to heal and respond to therapy (2, 20). It also lowers the risk of pneumonia and respiratory failure (2, 20). Moreover, quitting smoking may lower the risk of the cancer returning or a second cancer developing (20–22).
Read All Points 1-12 at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Tobacco/cessation
A Note by Suzy Duff: Just wanted to share. My Grandfather died in 1990 of Emphysema at only 66 years old! My Grandmother, 13 years later of lung cancer at 76. I miss them both so much!! They both quit in the late 1970’s but the damage was already done. My dad quit in 1975 but years of smoking along with body work dust and fumes in the 1960’s-70’s took their toll. He catches every bug around and constantly hacks stuff up! Please people, think about this when you decide to smoke or do things without a respirator!!
Length of Latency for Mesothelioma
Malignant mesothelioma often has a long period of latency, in fact the longest of the asbestos-related diseases, before a diagnosis occurs in people. Diagnosis happens when the disease becomes apparent, but latency refers to the length of time it takes from being exposed to asbestos until the time when the disease becomes apparent in a clinical examination. Latency can be as short as 10 years or as long as 50, but the average length of latency for malignant mesothelioma is 35 to 40 years between exposure and diagnosis.
Because the latency period for mesothelioma can vary from patient to patient, so too does the age of onset of the disease vary. However, most adult mesothelioma cases are diagnosed in patients between the ages of 40 and into their 60s. Child mesothelioma, while rare, does occur in 2 to 5 percent of malignant mesothelioma diagnoses.
Read more: http://www.mesothelioma.com/mesothelioma/information/latency-period.htm
Emphysema Symptoms: Breathlessness Most Common
Shortness of breath is by far the most common of emphysema symptoms. Most people with emphysema first notice something’s wrong when they become winded during a previously routine activity. This might be climbing stairs or mowing the lawn.
The shortness of breath in emphysema results from structural changes in the lungs. These occur over years in response to lung damage, usually from smoking:
- The linings between air sacs are destroyed, creating air pockets in the lungs.
- Air is trapped in these air pockets and is difficult to breathe out.
- The lungs slowly enlarge, and breathing takes more effort.
In people with emphysema, the muscles responsible for breathing have to work harder, and tire out sooner. The result is feeling breathless — at first with activity — and at rest in advanced emphysema.
Read More Symptoms that are Less Common: http://www.webmd.com/lung/copd/emphysema-symptoms
Some Interesting Facts about Lung Cancer
- Lung cancer is the leading cancer killer in both men and women in the United States.
In 1987, it surpassed breast cancer to become the leading cause of cancer deaths
- Lung cancer causes more deaths than the next three most common cancers combined
(colon, breast and prostate). An estimated 160,340 Americans were expected to die
from lung cancer in 2012, accounting for approximately 28 percent of all cancer deaths.
- The number of deaths due to lung cancer has increased approximately 4.3 percent between 1999 and 2008 from 152,156 to 158,656. The number of deaths among men has reached a plateau but the number is still rising among women. In 2006, there were 88,586 deaths due to lung cancer in men and 70,070 in women.
- The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is higher for men (63.6 per 100,000 persons) than for women (39.0 per 100,000 persons). It also is higher for Blacks (53.4 per 100,000 persons) compared to Whites (50.2 per 100,000 persons). Black men have a far higher age-adjusted lung cancer death rate than White men, while Black and White women have similar rates.
- Approximately 373,489 Americans are living with lung cancer. During 2012, an estimated 226,160 new cases of lung cancer were expected to be diagnosed, representing almost 14 percent of all cancer diagnoses.
- The majority of living lung cancer patients have been diagnosed within the last five years. Lung cancer is mostly a disease of the elderly. In 2006, 81 percent of those living with lung cancer were 60 years of age or older.
- In 2006, Kentucky had the highest age-adjusted lung cancer incidence rates in both men (124.8 per 100,000) and women (76.6 per 100,000). Utah had the lowest age-adjusted cancer incidence rates in both men and women (32.0 per 100,000 and 24.7 per 100,000, respectively). These state-specific rates were parallel to smoking prevalence rates.
- Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, accounting for 1.3 million deaths annually. Cancer accounted for 13 percent of the 58 million total worldwide deaths in 2004.
- The National Institutes of Health estimate that cancers cost the United States an overall $264 billion in 2010. It is estimated that approximately $10.3 billion per year is spent in the United States on lung cancer treatment alone.
Lung Cancer Survival Rates
- The lung cancer five-year survival rate (16.3%) is lower than many other leading cancer sites, such as the colon (65.2%), breast (90.0%) and prostate (99.9%).
- The five-year survival rate for lung cancer is 52.6 percent for cases detected when the disease is still localized (within the lungs). However, only 15 percent of lung cancer cases are diagnosed at an early stage. For distant tumors (spread to other organs) the five-year survival rate is only 3.5 percent.
- Over half of people with lung cancer die within one year of being diagnosed.
Read more and See A Diagram at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/lung-cancer/resources/facts-figures/lung-cancer-fact-sheet.html
Can Emphysema be Caused by something other than Smoking? Why, Yes, it can….
Besides smoking, the other major known cause of emphysema is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. However, this is a minor cause of emphysema, compared to smoking.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is a natural protein circulating in our blood. Its main function is to keep white blood cells from damaging normal tissues. White blood cells contain destructive substances they use to fight infections.
Some people — perhaps 100,000 people in the U.S. — have a genetic condition that makes them deficient in alpha-1 antitrypsin. Deficient levels of the AAT protein in the blood allow normal white blood cells to continuously damage lung tissue. If people with AAT deficiency smoke, the damage is even worse.
Over years, most people with severe AAT deficiency develop emphysema. It’s not known how many people have emphysema caused by AAT deficiency. Experts estimate that about 2% to 3% of people with emphysema also have AAT deficiency.
Emphysema in AAT deficient patients has the same symptoms as emphysema caused by smoking. However, people with AAT deficiency often develop emphysema at a younger age. Liver problems may also occur in people with emphysema from AAT deficiency.
Secondhand Smoke and Other Potential Causes of Emphysema
Secondhand smoke may contribute to emphysema. Exposure to environmental cigarette smoke is known to damage the lungs. Several studies suggest that people exposed to high amounts of secondhand smoke are probably at higher risk for emphysema.
Air pollution is also believed to contribute to emphysema, although how much is unknown. Most people are exposed to pollution, and emphysema takes years to develop, making this effect hard to study.
More Information: http://www.webmd.com/lung/copd/what-is-emphysema
There are other causes to Lung Cancer
Each year, over 170,000 Americans develop lung cancer, and approximately ten per cent of lung cancers, or 17,000 cases, occur in non-smokers.
- Passive smoking, or the inhalation of tobacco smoke from other smokers sharing living or working quarters, is an established risk factor for the development of lung cancer. Non-smokers who reside with a smoker have a 24% increase in risk for developing lung cancer when compared with other non-smokers. Each year, up to 3,000 lung cancer deaths are estimated to occur in the U.S. that are attributable to passive smoking.
- Radon gas, a naturally-occurring gas that forms when uranium decays, is another known cause of lung cancer. An estimated 12% of total lung cancer deaths in both smokers and non-smokers, or 15,000 to 22,000 lung cancer-related deaths annually in the U.S, are believed to be at least partially related to radon gas exposure. Those who do smoke and are exposed to radon have an even greater risk of developing lung cancer than non-smokers who are exposed to radon gas. Radon gas can travel up through soil and enter homes through gaps in the foundation, pipes, drains, or other openings. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that one out of every 15 homes in the U.S. contains dangerous levels of radon gas. Radon gas is invisible and odorless but can be detected with simple test kits.
- Asbestos is a compound that was widely used in the past as both thermal and acoustic insulation material. Microscopic fibers of asbestos break loose from the insulation material and are released into the air where they can be inhaled into the lungs. Asbestos fibers can persist for a lifetime in lung tissue following exposure to asbestos. Both lung cancer and a type of cancer known as mesothelioma are associated with exposure to asbestos. Cigarette smoking drastically increases the chance of developing an asbestos-related lung cancer among workers exposed to asbestos; nevertheless, asbestos workers who do not smoke have a five fold greater risk of developing lung cancer than other non-smokers. Today, asbestos use is limited or banned in many countries including the Unites States.
- Heredity, since all smokers do not eventually develop lung cancer, it is likely that other factors, such as individual genetic susceptibility, may play a role in the causation of lung cancer. Numerous studies have shown that lung cancer is more likely to occur in both smoking and non-smoking relatives of those who have had lung cancer than in the general population.
- Air pollution from vehicles, industry, and power plants, can raise the likelihood of developing lung cancer in exposed individuals. It has been estimated that up to 2,000 lung cancer deaths per year may be attributable to breathing polluted air, and many experts believe that prolonged exposure to highly polluted air can carry a risk for the development of lung cancer similar to that of passive smoking.
Photo by The Vermont Jeepgirl
Since the cause of all three of these diseases seems to have the common thread of Asbestos that we should take a moment and see exactly what it is. What a better site to get the info from than OSHA.
What is asbestos?
Asbestos is the name given to a group of naturally occurring minerals used in certain products, such as building materials and vehicle brakes, to resist heat and corrosion. Asbestos includes chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite, tremolite asbestos, anthophyllite asbestos, actinolite asbestos, and any of these materials that have been chemically treated and/or altered.
What are the dangers of asbestos exposure to workers?
The inhalation of asbestos fibers by workers can cause serious diseases of the lungs and other organs that may not appear until years after the exposure has occurred. For instance, asbestosis can cause a buildup of scar-like tissue in the lungs and result in loss of lung function that often progresses to disability and death. Asbestos fibers associated with these health risks are too small to be seen with the naked eye, and smokers are at higher risk of developing some asbestos-related diseases.
Are you being exposed to asbestos?
General industry employees may be exposed to asbestos during the manufacture of asbestos-containing products or when performing brake and clutch repairs. In the construction industry, exposure occurs when workers disturb asbestos-containing materials during the renovation or demolition of buildings. Employees in the maritime environment also may be exposed when renovating or demolishing ships constructed with asbestos-containing materials. In addition, custodial workers may be exposed through contact with deteriorating asbestos-containing materials in buildings.
Read More Information on Asbestos: http://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_AsbestosFacts/asbestos-factsheet.pdf
What about electronic cigarettes? Aren’t they safe?
The makers of e-cigarettes say that the ingredients are “safe,” but inhaling a substance is not the same as swallowing it. There are questions about how safe it is to inhale some substances in the e-cigarette vapor into the lungs. E-cigarettes are not labeled with their ingredients, so the user doesn’t know what’s in them. The amounts of nicotine and other substances a person gets from each cartridge are also unclear.
A study done by the FDA found cancer-causing substances in half the e-cigarette samples tested. Other impurities were also found, including one sample with diethylene glycol, a toxic ingredient found in antifreeze.
Studies have shown that e-cigarettes can cause short-term lung changes that are much like those caused by regular cigarettes. But long-term health effects are still unclear. This is an active area of research, and the safety of these products is currently unknown.
I also found this interesting article, but didn’t want to quote it because it didn’t reference a date of when it was posted: http://www.webmd.com/smoking-cessation/features/ecigarettes-under-fire
Did you know that Dogs can tell if you have Cancer with 99% accuracy?
A few years ago, researchers in California received widespread attention for showing that dogs can smell cancer on a human’s breath. With 99 percent accuracy, the canines could detect if a person had lung or breast cancer, beating the best figures from standard laboratory tests. Subsequent studies confirmed the results and provided further evidence that dogs really are man’s best friend.
The problem with cancer-detecting dogs is that, well, they’re dogs. Hospitals haven’t embraced the idea of a diagnostic tool that poops, barks and requires feeding.
With such concerns in mind, technology startups have hustled to build digital devices that can mimic the dogs’ olfactory sense and reduce the need for biopsies and CAT scans.
Metabolomx, a 12-person outfit in Mountain View, now appears on the fast track – insofar as such a thing exists in the heavily regulated medical field – to bringing a cancer-sniffing device to market.
The Metabolomx machine looks like a desktop PC with a hose attached. It sits on a cart that can be wheeled up to a patient, who is instructed to breathe in and out for about four minutes.
Read more about the machine and the dogs: http://www.sfgate.com/business/article/Metabolomx-makes-machine-to-detect-cancer-by-smell-3381409.php
The American Lung Association has put together five reports “Disparities in Lung Health Series.” The 5 topics are:
- Cutting Tobacco’s Rural Roots: Tobacco Use in Rural Communities
- Luchando por el Aire: The Burden of Asthma on Hispanics
- Missed Opportunities: Influenza and Pneumonia Vaccination in Older Adults
- Smoking Out a Deadly Threat: Tobacco Use in the LGBT Community
- Too Many Cases, Too Many Deaths: Lung Cancer in African Americans
They open the page with: “The American Lung Association is committed to preventing lung disease and improving lung health. Our Disparities in Lung Health series of report attempt to address the needs of those populations that are disproportionately affected by lung disease.”
Choose one that matters or hits home to you and read it… They are interesting!
Picture of Steve Roberts:
Here is a picture of me and my dog Buster in Advance Adaptors Cheap Jeep last year on a snow run.
These three diseases seem to be so similar that I was trying to sort out if one causes the other or if they are truly independent.
When considering Emphysema and Lung Cancer I found this information:
Emphysema doesn’t cause lung cancer. Emphysema is one of a group of lung diseases known as chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD) or sometimes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The main cause of emphysema is smoking but it can also develop in people with a long history of chest infections. So people who have emphysema may also have a higher than average risk of getting lung cancer because they have been smokers or have had other lung disease in the past.
Emphysema causes a lot of lung damage. The walls of some of the air sacs in the lung actually break down. It can be difficult to spot lung cancer in people with emphysema because many of the symptoms are the same. Symptoms of emphysema that also occur in lung cancer include
- Difficulty breathing
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
So it can be very difficult for a doctor to tell if a patient with emphysema has developed lung cancer.
This was an answer in response to a question on Cancer Research UK. Read More at: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/about-cancer/cancer-questions/emphysema-and-lung-cancer
Photo by Mary Levenhagen the Shopboss at T&T Customs, Inc. This picture is taken out in front of their Shop on January 11th! It was really coming down! www.tntcustoms.com
Going back to the topic of Asbestos and that being the leading cause of Mesothelioma or asbestos lung cancer, I found this interesting list of Occupations that have a higher risk of exposure.
Many occupations have an increased risk for developing lung cancer. For example, asbestos insulation workers have 92 times the risk of developing lung cancer, and smelter workers have 3-8 times the risk of developing lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer is also increased in people who work in the manufacturing of certain industrial gases, pharmaceuticals, soaps and detergents, paints, inorganic pigments, plastics, and synthetic rubber. The risk of developing lung cancer is related to the amount of exposure to the cancer-causing agent.
- Manufacturing of asbestos products (insulation, roofing, building, materials)
- Vehicle repair (brakes & clutches)
- Construction workers and contractors
- Maritime workers
- Miners and drillmen
- Offshore rust removals
- Oil refinery workers
- Power plants
- Railway workers
- Sand or abrasive manufacturers
- Shipyards / ships / ship builders
- Steel mills
- Tile cutters
- Auto Mechanics
- Boiler makers
- Building Inspectors
- Floor Coverings
- Furnace Workers
- Hod carriers
- Iron workers
- Maintenance workers
- Merchant marines
- Operating Engineers
- Sand blasters
- Sheet metal workers
- Steam fitters
- Tile setters
- United States Navy veterans
Many occupations have an increased risk for developing lung cancer. For example, asbestos insulation workers have 92 times the risk of developing of lung cancer, and smelter workers have 3-8 times the risk of developing lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer is also increased in people who work in the manufacturing of certain industrial gases, pharmaceuticals, soaps and detergents, paints, inorganic pigments, plastics, and synthetic rubber. The risk of developing lung cancer is related to the amount of exposure to the cancer-causing agent.
Source with additional information: http://www.mesothelioma-lung-cancer.org/risk-jobs.html
After reading that list, I went back to the male vs female statistics from earlier in the month. Quite the correlation!
“The age-adjusted death rate for lung cancer is higher for men (63.6 per 100,000 persons) than for women (39.0 per 100,000 persons). It also is higher for Blacks (53.4 per 100,000 persons) compared to Whites (50.2 per 100,000 persons).”
John Goodby, the promotor for NorCal Rock Racing, took his buggy out to see what they could do in the snow. He called giggling like a little boy. I think they had fun!
Outcome by stage – non small cell lung cancer
There are 4 main stages for lung cancer. In 2007 a worldwide study (the Lung Cancer Staging Project) collected data about lung cancer on more than 81,000 patients from 19 countries. The study gave the following statistics about survival for non small cell lung cancer. There is a range of statistics for each stage because for some patients the stage was based on the results of scans and tests and for other patients the stage was more accurately detected by surgery.
This is the earliest stage and so has the best outcome. Depending on where the cancer is, it is often possible to remove stage one lung cancer with surgery. Unfortunately, it is not very common for lung cancer to be diagnosed this early. Stage 1 non small cell lung cancer is divided into 2 stages, stage 1A and 1B. Of all the people with stage 1A non small cell lung cancer, around 58% to 73% will live for 5 years or more. Of all the people with stage 1B non small cell lung cancer, around 43% to 58% will live for 5 years or more.
Stage 2 non small cell lung cancer is also divided into stage 2A and 2B. For stage 2A lung cancer, about 36 to 46 out of every 100 people diagnosed (36 to 46%) will live for at least 5 years with treatment. For stage 2B non small cell lung cancer, about 25 to 36 out of every 100 diagnosed (25 to 36%) will live for at least 5 years.
As you might expect, the survival statistics fall with more advanced stages of lung cancer. Again,stage 3 is divided into stage 3A and stage 3B. For stage 3A non small cell lung cancer, about 19 to 24 out of every 100 people diagnosed will live for at least 5 years. For stage 3B, around 7 to 9 out of every 100 people diagnosed (7 to 9%) will live for at least 5 years.
Stage 4 is the most advanced stage, where the cancer has spread. Understandably, the survival statistics are very low for this stage. Unfortunately, lung cancer is often diagnosed late and for many people the cancer has already spread when they are diagnosed. Only about 2 to 13% out of every 100 people (2 to 13%) diagnosed with stage 4 non small cell lung cancer will live for at least 5 years.
It can seem illogical for stage 3B cancer to have 5 year survival rates from 7 to 9% and stage 4 from 2 to 13%. The reason for this is that the staging system only looks at the extent of the cancer. It does not look at the specific types of cancer. So the stage 4 group may include more people who have slowly growing cancers or cancer that responds very well to particular treatments than the stage 3 group.
Outcome by stage – small cell lung cancer
Sometimes doctors divide small cell lung cancers into just 2 groups. These are limited disease (the cancer has not spread beyond the lung) and extensive disease (the cancer has spread beyond the lung).
Of all the people diagnosed with small cell lung cancer, around 1 in 3 have limited disease at the time of diagnosis. With treatment about 25 out of every 100 people (25%) will live for at least 2 years.
2 out of 3 people with small cell lung cancer already have extensive disease at the time of diagnosis. Unfortunately the survival rate is very low. With treatment, fewer than 5 out of every 100 people will live for at least 5 years.
The Lung Cancer Staging Project used the TNM staging system to give the following statistics about survival based on the stage found by scans and tests. The project included more than 8,000 patients with small cell lung cancer.
Stage 1 small cell lung cancer is divided into 2 stages, stage 1A and 1B.
Of all the people with stage 1A small cell lung cancer, around 38% will live for 5 years or more.
Of all the people with stage 1B small cell lung cancer, around 21% will live for 5 years or more.
Stage 2 small cell lung cancer is also divided into stage 2a and 2B. For stage 2A lung cancer, about 38 out of every 100 people diagnosed (38%) will live for at least 5 years with treatment. For stage 2B small cell lung cancer, about 18 out of every 100 people diagnosed (18%) will live for at least 5 years.
The survival rates for stage 2A seemed to be higher than for stage 1B and researchers think this is because the study had very few patients in the stage 2A group so those statistics may not be so reliable as the others.
As you might expect, the survival statistics fall with more advanced stages of lung cancer. Again,stage 3 is divided into stage 3A and stage 3B. For stage 3A small cell lung cancer, about 13 out of every 100 people diagnosed (13%) will live for at least 5 years. For stage 3B, around 9 out of every 100 people diagnosed (9%) will live for at least 5 years.
Stage 4 is the most advanced stage, where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Understandably, the survival statistics are lowest for this stage. Unfortunately, lung cancer is often diagnosed late and for many people the cancer has already spread when they are diagnosed. Only about 1 out of every 100 people (1%) diagnosed with stage 4 small cell lung cancer will live for at least 5 years.
See Additional Information: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-help/type/lung-cancer/treatment/statistics-and-outlook-for-lung-cancer
This is 77chev (Pirate4x4) Range Rover. “For my grandpa who died from lung cancer 11/06/96 ”
I ran across this lighthearted list while reading some Lung Cancer Survivor Stories tonight. It made me smile, so I thought I would share it…
Top 10 Ways to Know You are a Cancer Survivor
10 Your alarm clock goes off at 6 a.m. and you’re glad to hear it.
9. Your mother-in-law invites you to lunch and you just say NO.
8. You’re back in the family rotation to take out the garbage.
7. When you no longer have an urge to choke the person who says,
“all you need to beat cancer is the right attitude.”
6. When your dental floss runs out and you buy 1000 yards.
5. When you use your toothbrush to brush your teeth and not comb your hair.
4. You have a chance to buy additional life insurance but you buy a new
convertible car instead.
3. Your doctor tells you to lose weight and do something about your
cholesterol and you actually listen.
2. When your biggest annual celebration is again your birthday, and not
the day you were diagnosed.
1. When you use your Visa card more than your hospital parking pass.
Photo submitted by Suzy Duff
It is always nice to find a way to support and it seems like most of the core organizations utilize walks to raise money and awareness. When looking for that opportunity in the Lung Cancer group, I found “Free to Breathe”
“The Free to Breathe event series unites people who are passionate about creating public awareness of lung cancer and raising vital funding for research.
Join thousands of lung cancer survivors, family, friends and advocates to create change for lung cancer. Form your team now to positively impact the lives of those affected by this disease.
Free to Breathe events create a community by joining survivors, advocates and others touched by lung cancer with those who just want to participate in a run, walk, yogathon or golf tournament for a good cause. We are excited that you are interested in joining us!”
CLICK HERE FOR THE LOCATIONS of all the events across the country: http://www.freetobreathe.com/register.html
Photo by Kevin Carey
Yesterday I posted some information about the future of this project….
“2. Month of… Since October 1st I (Charlene) haven’t missed a day of posting a Vehicle and a speck of information about a particular disease or cause. On January 1st, after over 130 posts, I had a chat with myself about the commitment to this project. It was a perfect time to either Stop or Make a Further Commitment to Take it to the Next Level. Well, as you have seen with the Month of Snow, I am still posting and committed…but some may tell that it is a ‘little different’ as I have been making slight adjustments all month.
My commitment to these posts are because of you and the response that I have had from complete strangers to best friends who have somehow been impacted, learned something, or just enjoyed the vehicles!
The Next Level is pretty awesome. I can hardly wait to share it with you! Soon, I promise, Soon!”
Shortly after I released this information, my Facebook Alert goes off and leads me to a comment that was added to Wednesdays Post:
“Charlene, tonight my father-in-law is losing his battle with lung cancer. He is a good man and one of my heros. I am thankful for your support.” Chris from Indiana
My prayers are with Chris and his entire family, and others that are going through the same struggles. There have been many vehicles submitted this month that have ‘in honor of’ statements next to them. Everyone in our circle is struggling with something, although they may not make it apparent to you.
One of my favorite Post-It-Note reminders that I put in the 2013 calendar, and ask you to keep in mind in your upcoming days…
“Anyone who reaches out for help is entitled to your Compassion and Attention”
The economy is hard right now and we may not have Money, but we have the Power of Information and Compassion at our finger tips all the time. You may not be able to financially support an organization or person, but you can support with a kind ear and by Learning & Sharing. That is what I am doing. Learning and Sharing, and hoping that you learn and share too.
I fully realize that you probably don’t look at these posts everyday. I hope that at some point you feel inspired to submit your vehicle to share. And, I hope that you check in occasionally to learn and share what you like and feel is important. You Hold the Power of Information!
You. You! That is why I share!
UPDATE: from Chris about 5 minutes ago… “Thank you Charlene Bower, we just lost him but we all know he’s in a better place now. Godspeed Mike Clark.” Prayers for the family…:angel:
Photo by Barlow Jeep Rentals & School in Sedona, AZ
What Is a Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax)?
When the muscles of the chest and diaphragm contract they expand the chest, causing the lungs to inflate. Like a balloon, the lungs stretch as they inflate. When you exhale, the muscles relax, and like a balloon that’s been released the lungs spring back. But if the air escapes from the lung and into the chest around the lung, the lung can collapse inside the chest. This can occur from the bursting of a weak spot of the lung, either from another medical condition, infection, or cancer. Or it could be caused by a puncture of the lung such as from a fractured rib.
Another condition called atelectasis is like a collapse of the lung, but the air doesn’t escape into the chest. Rather the air sacs in the lung don’t adequately expand when taking a breath. This can be caused by mucus plugging or a tumor blocking the airway. Or more commonly it can occur after an operation or by lying immobile for long periods.
To help prevent atelectasis, stop smoking six to eight weeks before surgery. Breathe deeply and cough often after a surgery. Also follow directions about moving, exercising, and changing positions after surgery.
Photo by Christopher Smith: “I shared a link to show support for lung cancer on my page. Those who know our family know that my father-in-law has been in a battle with this type of cancer and today he passed on. He was one of my true heros and will be sadly missed by all who knew him. I do believe with all my heart that he is in a better place now. Godspeed Mike Clark.”
Did you know?
While lung transplantation was initially used as a treatment for pulmonary fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension, the indications have evolved such that emphysema is the most common diagnosis leading to transplantation, accounting for 39% of transplants worldwide. Approximately 50% of lung transplant recipients are older than 50 years, which is the age group characteristic of COPD and interstitial pulmonary fibrosis.
Read the Full Article: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/502203_6
Photo by Matt Hall on the Rubicon Trail
Sometimes you just don’t want to read, and tonight is one of those nights. Here is a vary simple YouTube Video on Mesothelioma. Enjoy!
Photo by Deep South Cruisers (Pirate4x4) who say’s “Hey, it’s Alabama. We don’t get much of the white stuff.
Lets look for some inspirational words from someone that is more challenged than us…
EILEEN WARD’S STORY OF STRENGTH
“…I hate the disease (and hate all cancer). I find it offensive that at this time, and century it is such a struggle to obtain funds for continued research, that people are ashamed, feel we deserved it! We need to fight, to educate, and inform people and legislators. This has been too long in my family (I am the third direct generation) and in the world. We need to defeat lung cancer and I want to be a part of it. When I walked through the balloon arch last year at the finish line, with all those people cheering, I knew we can BEAT this.
By year three after diagnosis, I started to see life differently. Very much aware of the chances for recurrence, since no one in my family had survived long in the past. I began to see that regardless of cancer we never know when our life will end and we should live it as if our last day is tomorrow. So our Free to Breathe team name is Dance…Sing…Live! This is shortened from “Dance as if no one were watching, sing as if no one were listening, and live every day as if it were your last!”
As section of a story as posted on http://www.nationallungcancerpartnership.org/t-blog/blog-entry/pa-story-eileen-wards-story-of-strength
Photo from Filthy McChevy (Pirate4x4) from South Park, CO. This is his 1947 Willis Truck
Focus on Lung Cancer Conference
Doesn’t look like the 2013 dates are available yet, but seems as if it historically falls in October. Here is some more information:
“Focus on Lung Cancer Conference is a full day designed to address the personal and medical issues facing those with lung cancer; including those in treatment, survivors, their loved ones, and caregivers. Get information on the latest advances in lung cancer risk, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, symptom management and psychosocial issues; as well as the opportunity to network and gain support from other lung cancer survivors.”
It can even be viewed via LIVESTREAM.
For more information about all of the Presentations and to watch for the 2013 dates go to: http://www.penncancer.org/patients/media-hub/focus-on-conferences/2012-focus-on-lung-cancer-conference/
Photo from mr_wallace (Pirate4x4): This is awesome for awareness. This hits close to home for me, as I lost my uncle that I was close with due to cancer from smoking. A more recent pic with me and my father, not as much snow.
(I really like the footsteps in the snow~Charlene)
PREVIOUS MONTH CAUSE:
OCTOBER: Pink Vehicles – Breast Cancer Awareness CLICK HERE TO SEE ALL
NOVEMBER: Light Blue – Prostate Cancer, Childhood Cancer, Trisomy 18, and Scleroderma CLICK HERE TO SEE ALL